**Dates**

In English, we can say dates either with the day before the month, or the month before the day:

“**The first of January**” / “**January the first**“.

Remember to use ordinal numbers for dates in English.

(The first, the second, the third, the fourth, the fifth, the twenty-second, the thirty-first etc.)

**Years**

For years up until 2000, separate the four numbers into two pairs of two:

1965 = “**nineteen sixty-five**“

1871 = “**eighteen seventy-one**“

1999 = “**nineteen ninety-nine**“

For the decade 2001 – 2010, you say “two thousand and —-” when speaking British English:

2001 = “**two thousand and one**“

2009 = “**two thousand and nine**“

From 2010 to 2020 you have a choice.

For example, 2012 can be either “**two thousand and twelve**” or “**twenty twelve**“.

But from 2020 onwards, separate the four numbers into two pairs of two:

2023 = “**twenty twenty-three**“

**Large numbers**

Divide the number into units of hundreds and thousands:

400,000 = “**four hundred thousand**” (no **s** plural)

If the number includes a smaller number, use “and” in British English:

450,000 = “**four hundred and fifty thousand**“

400,360 = “**four hundred thousand and three hundred and sixty**“

**Fractions, ratios and percentages**

½ = “**one half**“

1/3 = “**one third**“

¼ = “**one quarter**“

1/5 = “**one fifth**“

1/ 6 = “**one sixth**“

3/5 = “**three fifths**“

1.5% = “**one point five percent**“

0.3% = “**nought / zero point three percent**“

2:1 = “**two to one**“

**Saying 0**

Depending on the context, we can pronounce zero in different ways:

2-0 (football) = “**Two nil**“

30 – 0 (tennis) = “**Thirty love**“

604 7721 (phone number) = “**six oh four**…”

0.4 (a number) = “**nought point four**” or “**zero point four**“

0C (temperature) = “**zero degrees**“

**Talking about calculations in English**

+ (**plus**)

= (**equals / makes**)

2 + 1 = 3 (“**two plus one equals / makes three**“)

– (**minus** / **take away**)

5 – 3 = 2 (“**five minus three equals two**” / “**five take away three equals two**“)

x (**multiplied by** / **times**)

2 x 3 = 6 (“**two multiplied by three equals six**” / “**two times three equals six**“)

/ (**divided by**)

6 / 3 = 2 (“**six divided by three equals two**“)

**Next page**: Make sure you can **pronounce the** **letters of the alphabet in English**!